House is a short play by Henrik Ibsen. The plot revolves around a married
woman, Nora Helmer, and how she borrowed money to save her husband, Torvald
Helmer’s life when he was very ill. On a day before Christmas, Linde, Nora’s
high-school friend and widow, visits as she is hoping to find a job. Nora tells
Linde of what she has done as proof that she has been through rough times and
still is until now because her husband is assigned bank director. Krogstad, the
man that lend the money to Nora, is about to get fired by Torvald because of
his infamous reputation at the bank. This causes him to threaten Nora and
expose her secret to her husband unless he gets his job back. Nora tries many
times to convince Torvald not to fire him but Torvald thinks of her as his doll
and nothing else making him not taking her words into consideration. when
Krogstad gets fired, he leaves Torvald a letter explaining everything to him.
Furious by the letter, Torvald verbally assaults Nora making her realize that
he does not deserve her and leaves. A Doll’s House is a three-act play the discusses the issues of married
woman in male dominated world. The author created this play in a way to show
how men in the 18th century used to think of women as nothing but
doll for their personal pleasures and how they only care about their reputation
and wealth. This play was very controversial at its time because it illustrates
the battle of the sexes dealing with women’s rights and wealth.
At first sight, the play’s major
theme is about women’s role in society. He illustrates the male dominance in
the first few lines when Torvald calls Nora his squirrel. The name squirrel represents that Torvald, Nora is
nothing but this small creature that is very cheeky and dumb. Therefore, one
can notice that Torvald is the dominant one while Nora is submissive to her
husband. This gender role stereotypes are seen throughout the entire play. Even
when Nora tries to show her dominance, Torvald is seen having the upper hand in
each situation. An example for that would be when Nora tries to seduce Torvald to
give her more money to buy herself a present, but Torvald replies by calling
her little person. Another example
would be at the end of act 1, when Krogstad threatens Nora and she tries to beg
Torvald to keep Krogstad.
There Torvald state,
Torvald here demolishes Nora to the point
where he tells her to do nothing and just sing. In other words, Torvald is
warning Nora not to use her brain but keep quite and stay away from men’s business.
Even though Nora is determined to take
control and become a decision maker, she is failing to do so due to Torvald’s belittling
tone. The author demonstrates the social clash of social roles and decides to
take a feminist point of view towards the end. When Nora is faced with the
reality of her lover, she falls out of love for him. Seeking the freedom that
she has always longed for, Nora decides to abolishes the social construct that has
been imposed on her and take charge of her own destiny and walk out on her
husband and family making her a dynamic character.
A thirst for cash influences all the
significant characters in the play. The play starts of by uncovering that
Torvald has been offered a director’s position at the bank meaning that his
paychecks and income is going to increase. Be that as it may, he still punishes
Nora for her excessive spending and stating that they should be aware of their spending.
The money also plays an important role in showing domestication of one
character to the other. For example, in the introduction of the play, Torvald’s
capacity to manage the amount Nora spends on Christmas presents demonstrates
his control over her. Another way character that is influenced by money is Mrs.
Linde. Because her husband passed away, Mrs.
Linde is in urgent need of getting money to be able to survive. However, with
that being said, both Mrs. Linde and Nora can not acquire expansive wages since
they are ladies; their powerlessness to get to noteworthy measures of cash is
one way that they are persecuted by the sexism of the time. Also, Krogstad is
in desperate need for money as he might be losing his career at the bank. In
the start of the play, Nora is pleased with the way that she “raised”
the cash for her and Torvald’s outing to Italy herself—however the obligation
she owes soon turns into a wellspring of fear, fear, and disgrace. The excite
of getting cash is in this manner appeared to have a drawback. Ibsen uses the
bank as a representation of the money-hungry characters that formulate the
entire play around wealth.
The Doll’s House decodes the firm set of social rules and constraint that women had to face in their everyday life
during the 18th century. It perfectly clarifies how women were demeaned
and were thought to be nothing but domestic decorations. Ibsen portrays that
using a marriage and continues to unfold the idea of whether or not love exists
in such hard environments regarding women. Using metaphors to describe the
tension between the different aspects of the Victorian women’s life, he paves
the way for the feminist movement. Even though, he does not consider himself to
be a feminist, Ibsen established to send a message to all his viewers without implying