One of the central events in the
United States is The Civil War, it determined what our nation would become
after many disagreements and events between the Northern and Southern states.
These disagreements and events led to the Souths decision to secede from the
country which then led to The Civil War. Although many believe that The Civil
War could have been inevitable, there were many other controversies that led to
this destructive conflict. Slavery, Federal Government, and politics were three
of the main dilemma’s which led to war.
The Civil War, at that time, was
the only way to determine whether the United States would become a dissolved
confederation of sovereign states or rather if it would be an indivisible
nation with a sovereign national government.
Slavery was an immense issue in the
Civil War since its disagreements led to the decision of whether men deserved
equal rights to liberty or if slavery should continue to exist in the country.
The North no longer wanted to tolerate slavery since they found it to be immoral
and evil, they believed it was something that should be illegal. Apart from
their thoughts towards slavery, they no longer needed as well since the North
was more industrialized and relied more on wage workers instead of slaves. “The
North was also a cosmopolitan mixture of nationalities and religions – far more
so than the South (Trueman).” The South on the other hand, was more of an
agricultural environment and relied on their farms and slaves for labor work. As
the abolitionist movement began to gain strength, and president Lincoln won the
election, the South began to grow in fear that their way of living and economy
would come to an end, which led to their decision to secede and to form a new
nation, The Confederate States of America.
The presidency of Abraham Lincoln
triggered the secession of the South. Lincoln had pledge that he wanted to keep
slavery out of the territories. “No matter how distasteful he found the
practice of slavery, the overarching philosophy that drove Lincoln was a hard
pragmatism that did not include the forcible abolition of slavery by the
federal government—for the simple reason that he could not envision any
political way of accomplishing it. But Lincoln, like a considerable number of
Northern people, was decidedly against allowing slavery to spread into new
territories and states. By denying slaveholders the right to extend their
boundaries, Lincoln would in effect also be weakening their power in
Washington, and over time this would almost inevitably have resulted in the
abolition of slavery, as sooner or later the land would have worn out. (Causes
of the Civil War).” The North insisted on strengthening the Federal Government
while the South were self-sufficient and found no need in the Federal
Government. There were debates to which powers belonged to the states and which
powers belonged to the Federal Government. The Southern states argued for
states rights and a weak Federal Government, until they felt usurped and
decided to secede.
Different cultures and political
beliefs had developed leading to disagreements over taxes and tariffs. To the
South, it was unfair that they were the ones who imported a wider variety of
goods and had more tariffs, they felt as if they were being aimed at since the
tariffs were not applied to the North in equal values. “…as years went by, the
North, particularly New England, had developed cotton mills of its own—as well
as leather and harness manufactories, iron and steel mills, arms and munitions
factories, potteries, furniture makers, silversmiths and so forth. And with the
new tariff putting foreign goods out of financial reach, Southerners were
forced to buy these products from the North at what they considered exorbitant costs.
(Causes of the American Civil War).”
To conclude, despite the immediate thought
that the Civil War was inevitable, there were many problems that caused the war
apart from slavery. The issues that were going on at that time with the
politics and federal government would still had led to a war despite the
absence of slavery. Many changes were happening at that time, and change had
brought conflict, and conflict brought violence.
C N Trueman “Causes Of The
American Civil War.” (n.d.) Retrieved December 12,2017, from The History
Learning Site, 25 Mar 2015. 14 Dec 2017. https://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/the-american-civil-war/causes-of-the-american-civil-war/
Causes of The Civil War. (n.d.).
Retrieved December 13, 2017, from http://www.historynet.com/causes-of-the-civil-war
Causes of the American Civil War.
(n.d.). Retrieved December 12, 2017, from https://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/the-american-civil-war/causes-of-the-american-civil-war/