In all. Hughes poetically explores the harsh reality of

In the poem “Let America Be America Again”, Langston Hughes, a renowned African American poet and activist, exerts a strong ambivalence towards America as he exploits the difference between the American Dream and the American Reality. The belief system that generated the concept of the “American Dream” has caused many Americans to abandon hope for a country that claims to be equal and just for all. Hughes poetically explores the harsh reality of America in the 30s, addressing a variety of issues that are still present in today’s America. 
Throughout the beginning stanzas of the poem, Hughes uses a conversational style that allows the speaker and listener to communicate with each other. Using a longing yet hopeful tone, the speaker praises the freedom our founding fathers established for us and the many opportunities of equality provided for all of America’s citizens. However, a second voice is weaved between the stanzas, regarding the oppressed voices of the poor, people of color, and immigrants by expounding the harsh reality that America is a place where greed, racism, and discrimination are valued instead of love and equality. Hughes uses the juxtaposition between the two voices to expose how marginalized voices in America are silenced or ignored. The second voice states that “There has never been equality for me, Nor freedom in this ‘homeland of the free'”. Hughes addresses the near impossibilities for certain minorities and groups to accomplish the equality and freedom that was guaranteed to us by our founding fathers, accusing America of breaking her promise. 
Highlighting the dominance that greed and wealth hold over America, Hughes indicates there are inescapable chains that keep the lower class bound and serving. The lines, “Tangled in that ancient endless chain Of profit, power, gain, and grab the land!” exploits how the constant drive for gold is stimulating more greed. While the wealthy and powerful receive all the benefits of wealth, the poor are expected to remain hungry and humble. Hughes claims that the poor will always be poor in America, taking on the voices of the hard workers who assemble this land and stating, “I am the people, humble, hungry, mean—Hungry yet today despite the dream.” Hughes repeats the words “I am” constantly in order in personalize and give a face to the people who are not included in the American dream. Until the poor workers and farmers become poor, America will remain in its state of poverty. The people affected by this poverty are practically forced to make do with what they have, abandoning their dreams in a life determined by a demand to survive. Despite the promised American dream, the people still are not granted with equal opportunities of growth and are living a life with low standards they have settled for.
As the poem progresses, the speaker concedes that America’s founding should pay tribute to the hard workers that built it through years of struggles and sacrifice- the poor workers and Negroes who strived for the dream to become true. The statement, “To build a ‘homeland of the free’. The free? Who said the free? Not me?” painfully acknowledges how the people who are not part of a dominant race or class are the ones facing adversity in the land they made through faith and suffering. This claim can be connected to our society today, where thousands of “dreamers”, or immigrants granted with opportunities to pursue educations and careers in America, have been fighting for their right to pursue a life as citizens in America. The poem represents the dreams of those who sought out the US in order to find a safe haven from persecution and poverty- but those dreams have yet to come true. Hughes questions the dependency and importance of the dream, implying that an America that does not serve liberty and compromises freedom is not a true America. 
Calling attentions to his character’s strength and endurance, Hughes embodies the segregation of the poor, Negroes, and Indians and praises their resilience. Stating “I am the people”, Hughes exhibits the struggle of farmers and workers who are working hard for a fading dream. Hughes individually expresses the people who came to America with high hopes of relevance and freedom, addressing freedom somewhat sardonically, relaying the message that people should be free in every possible way. Speaking for the millions of people “who have nothing”, who have struggled, hoped, and labored but still fly American flags, holding on to dreams that are “almost dead”, he claims that America is yet to be a place where “every man is free”. The capitalization of “ME” in the poem exerts a desperation to fulfill the American dream, reclaiming the idea that freedom is for everyone.