initiated conflicts. The unstable
government lacked time to deliver to its citizens thus contributing to poverty
in the country following the decline in the economy (State.gov, 2017).
World Bank and IMF
Following the sad situation of Zimbabwe
concerning its declined economy, World Bank and The International Monetary Fund
(IMF), presented economic structural adjustments programs (ESAP) trying to get
the country out of poverty and debt (Gogo, 2011).
The world bank strategy to reduce poverty had a negative impact on the economy
of the country by increasing its economic crisis. When compared, the post-ESAP
period, Zimbabwe experienced adverse poverty than it was the prior
implementation of the ESAP program. The IMF policies contributed to more
adverse poverty and poor resource distribution. Some of the policies including
trade, monetary exchange rate, and other social policies were introduced at the
same time. These policies dismantled the economy controls of this country.
Again, during the implementation of the above policies and programs, Zimbabwe
was faced with other external factors such as drought making it difficult to
restore the fallen economy (Gogo, 2011).
Logically, acquiring a loan from the World Bank was not a solution to its
economic crisis rather it worsened because it increased the debt.
Poverty and healthcare issues have prevented
Africa from prospering as a country in ways that can be detrimental. Following
some issues such as political crisis, droughts, and mismanagement of resources,
African countries have challenges in improving managing their economic input
for essential developments such as healthcare and infrastructure. Additionally,
Africa has a high level of poverty due to the ever-lasting conflicts. Since
independent, most countries have experienced political crisis which is a major
cause of instability. The political conflicts have been used to gain leadership
thus causing divisions among the citizens. Again, the political divisions are
steered by tribalism thus contributing to