Wine tourism refers to the tourism which involves tasting of wines, consumption of wines and purchases of wines from the wineries. In other words, wine tourism can be considered as visiting wineries, restaurants, vineyards, wine tours, wine festivals and events. Nowadays it is noticed that most of the wine producing countries took wine tourism as a financial beneficial to promote them. In this new era, winery tasting rooms are no longer venues to taste and purchase wines. Now wineries are offering services like restaurants, accommodation, recreation facilities and many more. The key stakeholders in wine tourism are listed below.
The main backbone of the wine tourism is customers without customers wine tourism is nothing. In wine tourism, some of the opportunities that customers or wine users gain are that they are able to taste different wine from different countries and they can even buy the wine from the wineries and visit these wineries where the wines are produced and gain more education knowledge about the different wines. Another opportunity is that customers are price sensitive and they always look for better deals. with the help of wine, tourism customers are able to find out the perfect wine which suits them at an affordable price.
Nowadays it is evident that customers have to face many challenges like wine frauds where customers are cheated by wineries by bottling the old vintage wine in the new vintage bottles and giving to the customers for tasting. The blending of two wines is another method of wine fraud where two wines are blended together to enhance more taste to their wines.
Wineries are one of the major stakeholders of wine tourism where they produce wines for selling. In this wineries can be of newly established or an established one with the fewer customer database. In order to attract more customers, they can use a lot of opportunities that are open in front of them. Wineries can conduct exhibitions and trade fare to increase the image in the minds of consumers by this way it will help them to gain a spot and long-term sales, it is another platform where wineries try to promote their wines in a cheap way to gain new customers. It will help them to get a close contact with the customers and get feedback from the customers by this way it will increase the brand loyality.
Some of the challenges faced by the wineries are increasing the cost, sometimes wine tasting rooms are costly because in order enhance the experience they employ a paid staff so it will, in turn, increase the cost of the wine. Another challenge is that if a winery cannot sell their stock they have to find different distribution method to sell their product.
This is another important key stakeholder in the wine tourism where they have some opportunities like when they break down the rules and regulations it will increase more sales for wineries and in turn, it will generate more taxes that will boost up the government revenue as a whole.
Some of the challenges faced by the government are when there are strict rule and regulation which will affect wineries which will, in turn, reduce the sale of the wines and there is a loss of revenue to the government.
Organizers, sponsors, hotels, restaurants:
When the wineries organize some events or sponsor some events it will bring more customers to that locality by this way a small business like restaurants, hotels will be benefiting from it and it will, in turn, boost the popularity of that locality. By this way, everyone is benefiting from it.
Some of the challenges are when customers get a bad impression from tasting the wine they will no longer visit that winery again this will impact other small business which is located near to the winery which will lead to reducing the popularity of that winery.