The function of religion is to explain the unexplained, thereby
giving humanity a sense of comfort in a world of chaos. Food, as it sustains
life, is an essential part of religious symbols, rituals and customs, daily
life deeds aimed at establishing an orderly relationship with the spiritual or
supernatural realms. Many of the characteristics that shape dietary habits come
from religious laws. Throughout the world, many people tend to eat or avoid
certain foods according to their religious beliefs. Differences in diet
associated with religion should be considered when designing a balanced diet.
Christianity is a religion based on the teachings and miracles of
Jesus. Jesus was anointed from God the Father who came into the world,
fulfilled the Old Testament laws and prophecies, died on the cross, and rose
from the dead physically. Christianity teaches that there is only one God in
all existence, that God made the universe, the Earth, and created Adam and Eve.
In the world, more people follow Christianity than any other religion. The
dominant three branches of Christianity are Roman Catholics, Eastern Orthodox
Christians and Protestantism. The conviction of Christian faith is found in the
Apostles and the Creed of Nicene. This belief explains that people are saved
through the grace of God, Jesus’ life and death, and his resurrection as
For most Christian sacraments mark the main stage of worship and
retain individual worshipers. The observed sacraments, and their manner of
observation, differ among Christian groups. The seventh Roman Catholic
sacrament, for example, baptism (entering the church of Christ), confirmation,
(the soul receiving the Holy Spirit), the Eucharist (taking part in the sacred
presence by sharing bread and wine), marriage (the unity of a man and a woman
through love) unification (healing of mind, spirit and body), peace (rejection
and confession) and the ordination of scholars.
The largest number of people who follow Christian religion in the
United States which is Roman Catholics. The number of Roman Catholics in the
world (almost 1.1 billion) is higher than most other religious traditions.
There are more Roman Catholics than all the combined Christians and more Roman
Catholics than all Buddhists or Hindus. Although there are more Muslims than
Roman Catholics, the number of Roman Catholics is greater than the Sh?’ite and
Sunni Islam traditions.
ROMAN CATHOLICS FEAST DAYS
The Roman Catholic Day is a day set aside to remember people and
important events through the journey of Faith from the birth of Mary all day
through this day honoring the saints. In addition to Christmas (the birth of
Christ) and Easter (Christ’s resurrection after the crucifixion), Americans in
the United States also celebrate New Year’s Day, Announcements (March 25), Palm
Sunday (Sunday before Easter) (forty days after Easter), Sunday Pentecost
(fifty days after Easter), Assumption (15 August), All Saint’s Day (1
November), and Immaculate Conception (8th December).
ROMAN CATHOLICS FAST DAY
The Catholic Church historically observes the discipline of fasting
and abstinence at various times each year. For Catholics, fasting is a
reduction in food intake, while abstinence refers to the deferment of meat (or
other types of food). The Catholic Church teaches that all people are required
by God to redeem their sins, and the redemptive acts are personal and physical.
The purpose of fasting is spiritual, self-discipline, imitation of Christ, and
For Roman Catholics, fasting only confirms one full meal per day in
the afternoon. You can still consumed food intake in the morning or evening.
The abstinence law requires a Catholic aged 14 years to refrain from eating
meat on Friday to respect the Passion of Jesus on Good Friday. Meat is
considered as meat and organs of mammals and poultry. Also prohibited is the
soup or gravies they make. Salt and fish species, amphibians, reptiles and fish
shells are permitted, and animal products such as margarine and gelatin that
have no meat taste.
The fasting law requires Catholics from the 18th Anniversary (Canon
97) to the 59th Anniversary, to reduce the amount of food consumed from the
usual. The church defines this as one serving a day, and two small meals that
if added together will not exceed the main meal in quantity. Such a fasting
must be at Ash Wednesday and Good Friday. Fasting can be break by eating
between food and drink that can be considered as food (milk shake, but not
milk). Alcoholic beverages do not break the fast, but they seem to be in
conflict with the spirit of redemption.
In addition to those who are out of age, those who are not minded,
sick, weak, pregnant or breastfeeding women according to the need for meat or
food, manual labor according to their needs, are people who are excused from
fasting or abstinence.
EASTERN ORTHODOX CHRISTIANITY
The Eastern Orthodox Church is like the old Catholic Roman Catholic
Branch, even though are unusual in the United States. The Orthodox Church
consists of fourteen churches, five of them
which are Constantinople. Alexandria (Egyptian Coptic Church), Antioch,
Jerusalem and Cyprus.
FEAST DAYS IN EASTERN ORTHODOX CHRISTIANITY
Eastern Orthodox festivals are Christmas, Theophany, Annunciation,
Easter (First Sunday after the full moon after March 21), Ascension (40 days
after Easter), Transfiguration and the Birth of Theotocos of the Holy. Easter
is the most important holiday in Eastern Orthodox religion and is celebrated on
the first Sunday after the full moon after March 21, but not the Jewish
FAST DAYS IN THE EASTERN ORTHODOX
Some strict rules for fasting are found in the Eastern Orthodox
Church. During the Lenten season, there are days when members are encouraged to
restrict their food strictly or avoid eating altogether.
Lent is the forty days before Easter. On the third Sunday before
Lent (Meat Fare Sunday), all the meat inside the house is eaten. On Sundays
before Lent (Cheese Fare Sunday), all cheese, eggs and butter in the house are
eaten. The next day, Net Monday, Lenten quickly started. During the second week
of Lent, full meals are only allowed on Wednesdays and Fridays. However, many
members do not follow the rule. On weekdays is a quarantine of meat, eggs,
dairy, fish, wine and oil which are limited. This also applies to any food
products that contain these items. A week before Leprosy, all animal products,
including meat, are cannot be eaten. Good Friday is a day for a complete
fasting where a member is encouraged not to eat anything.
Those who receive Holy Communion on Sunday refrain from food and
drink before the service. Fasting is considered a chance to prove that the soul
can rule the body. On a quick day, no meat or animal products (milk, eggs,
butter and cheese) are eaten. Fish is also avoided, but shellfish are usually
allowed. The older Orthodox followers of Greece or the more obedient did not
use olive oil in quick days, but would eat olives.
The 16th-century religious movement known as the Reformation
established by the Protestant churches by questioning the practices of the
Roman Catholic Church and ultimately separating itself from its teachings. The
man who are primarily responsible for the Reformation was Martin Luther, a
German Augustinian monk who taught theology. He started the movement in 1517, when
he patted a document containing 95 protests against some Catholic practice at
the castle’s door at Wittenberg. He then expanded his position. Ten years
later, some countries and Germany organized the Protestant Lutheran Church
based on the teachings of Martin Luther.
The most important food ordinance in Protestant churches is the
Eucharist, also called communion, or the Lord’s Supper. However, apart from the
liquid and bread as the piece offered, there is little consistency in the
celebration of this procedure. It may indicate a meeting with the presence of a
living God, remembering the Passover Module that Jesus attended, the continuity
of tradition through society, or the individual spiritual experience. Although
wine is traditional, many churches change to grape juice during the Prohibition
and continue this generous practice. Some churches offer wine / juices in a
single shared cup, while others provide small and separate cups.
Many liturgical churches, such as the Lutheran church, offer a
wafer similar to Catholic practice. Others like Methodist, often use bread
pellets. There are experts in baking for bread and many denominations only use
cut white bread.
FASTING PRACTICES IN PROTESTANT CHURCHES
Among many Protestant churches, there are various suggestions on
fasting during Leprosy. This is a result of the Reformation where leaders such
as Martin Luther and John Calvin want new believers to focus on salvation by
the grace of God rather than traditional spiritual disciplines.
The Gathering of the Lord views fasting as a form of self-control
and is an important practice, though it is not obligatory. The members can
voluntarily and privately decide to practice them with the understanding that
it is not done to calm the favor of God.
Baptist Church has not set a
day of fasting, either. This practice is a personal decision when a member
wants to strengthen his relationship with God.
Episcopal Church is one of the
few that specifically urges fasting during Leprosy. In particular, experts are
asked to fast, pray, and give alms to Ash Wednesday and Good Friday.
Lutheran Church delivers
fasting in Augsburg Recognition. He says, “We do not condemn the fasting
itself, but the tradition that sets certain days and certain flesh, with the
danger of conscience, as if these were the necessary services.” Therefore,
although it is not required in a particular fashion or during Quarantine, the
church has no problem with the members fast with the right intentions.
Methodist Church also sees
fasting as the personal concern of its members and has no regulation about it.
However, the church encourages members to avoid indulgences such as favorite
foods, hobbies, and entertainment such as watching TV during Leprosy.
Presbyterian Church also takes a
voluntary approach. It is seen as a practice that can bring members closer to
God, rely on Him for help, and help them against oppression.
SEVENTH DAY ADVENTISTS
Seventh-day Adventist Church recognizes the autonomy of every
individual and the power of his choice given by God. Instead of controlling the
behavioral standards, Adventists call upon each other to live as a positive
example of God’s love and care. Some of these examples are by maintaining
health and trusting that God calling us to take care of our bodies, treating
them with respect for divine creation worthy. The size and advantages, even if
something good, can hurt our health.
The practice of Adventism is very different from the church to the
church. Some are more conservative, others are more liberal. Some examples are:
Homosexuality: Similar to all conservative Christian denominations, SDA does not
allow homosexual ordination. Loving, having the same sex partner are cannot be
married or have their recognized or blessed from other people.
Sabbath: Perhaps the most obvious practice that distinguishes them from
most other Christian churches is that they follow observing Saturday as their
weekly Sabbath (from Friday to sunset). Their religious education classes are
called the Sabbath School, not Sunday school. Some followers greet “Happy
Sabbath” when they meet.
Higher education is highly respected in the church. The rate of college
graduates among Seventh-Day Adventist membership is about twice the US national
Adventists believe the welfare key lies in a balanced and simple
life. Nature creates a lot of good things that lead to lively health. Pure
water, fresh air and sunlight, when properly used, can promote a clean and
healthy life. Exercise and avoid harmful substances such as tobacco, alcohol
and mind-changing material lead to clear thinking and wise choices. A balanced
vegetarian diet that avoids the use of meat coupled with intake of legumes,
cereals, nuts, fruits and vegetables, along with the source of vitamin B12,
will promote healthy health.
Adventists believe that illness is a result of a violation of
health law. Vegetarian is generally practiced because the Bible states that the
diet in Eden does not include meat. Most Adventists are lacto-ovo-vegetarians
(dairy products and eggs, but not meat). Some take the meat, but they avoid
pork and mussels. Mrs. White encourages the use of nuts and nuts instead of
meat, replacing vegetable oils for animal fat, and using whole grains in bread.
Like Mormons, Adventists do not drink tea, coffee, or alcohol and
do not use tobacco products. Water is considered the best liquid that should be
eaten only before and after eating, not during meals. Food that are highly
seasoned and contained hot spices such as mustard, chilli powder and black
pepper are avoided. Eating between meals is not recommended for food to be
ISSUES ABOUT FOOD ALLERGIES VS FEASTING AND FELLOWSHIP IN THE
Eating can be a source of fellowship, but in a fallen and allergic
world, it can also challenge. For most people, eating is a wonderful
opportunity for Christian fellowship. But for people with allergies, it can be
a source of division and isolation. The festivals of the Church that serve as a
symbol of unity and Christian identity can be complicated in the fallen world.
The common celebration is good, but it can also be complicated. If we want to
love our brothers in Christ well, then it is time to think deeply about food
sensitivities and their relationship with Christian hospitality and
Food allergies cases are increasing. We know friends and family
members who have food allergies. Maybe we have allergies by ourselves. Given
the reach of social media, we also hear the stories of children and teens who
have experienced anaphylactic shock after a bite of Rich Krispies Treat. The
cause of food allergies is unclear but the effect can be irritating such as
skin reactions, eczema, rashes, itching and watery eyes, and congestion. For others
they are life threatening because of breathing difficulties, obstruction of
respiratory tract or swollen tongue, dropping blood pressure, chest pain, loss
of consciousness and sometimes death.
For those with food allergies, the shared schedule can be a
minefield. Since risk allergies arise to the church, many churches begin to set
up food policies as they are in school. Some will label meals that are allergen-free
or set them on a table set to reduce pollution, while others offer gluten-free
bread for communion. As allergic awareness grows, so does the church’s ability
to bear the burden of those who endanger their health every time they gather to
eat as a congregation.
Church members are also beginning to bear their burdens by
recognizing the differences between the risk of allergy and the preference of
food present in various bodies. If two decades ago have seen an increase in
food allergies, they also see growing interest in food sources, with many
consumers increasingly becoming aware of what they take into their bodies and
doing the food just clean, organic, or local food.
The dominant three branches of Christianity are Roman Catholics,
Eastern Orthodox Christians and Protestantism. Food rules differ from one
denomination or another Christian group, with some groups not observing any
restrictions. Some days of fasting are observed by Catholic and Orthodox
Christians on certain days such as Good Friday or during Leprosy. In
conclusion, the choice of food is caused by different causes and religions.
Understanding the role of food in cultural and religious practices is an
important part of showing respect and response to others from different