James nuclear bombs work should be understood by everyone

James Patterson8A English January 21, 2018″The Complex Process of How Nuclear Bombs Work”       The process of how nuclear bombs work should be understood by everyone because of the current threat of nuclear war presented by North Korea. Also, you can tell people about it and you will seem smart. I am writing about how nuclear bombs work, specifically, implosion-style bombs. This style of bomb was dropped on Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. We all know that nuclear weapons have evolved from the first bombs dropped on Japan in World War Two, to the Cold War, and today with North Korea. Unfortunately, most people do not know how these marvels of science are so destructive.        First, a layer of explosives on the outer edge of the bomb are detonated by multiple detonators a few second before the bomb would hit the ground. This is in order to ensure that the explosives are set off before the bomb would hit the ground and otherwise fail. The first explosives are small explosives that won’t do much damage alone. The explosives are separated into slow explosives used to push objects and fast explosives used to destroy objects. The fast explosives are used to crush a small piece of foil separating the two elements, polonium and beryllium. The slower explosives are used to compact the uranium or plutonium core that serves as fuel for the bomb. This is important because the reaction is able take place only if the atoms are close together.        Now that the explosives have detonated, the elements beryllium and polonium are exposed to one another. When these elements collide, the beryllium will give off one neutron that is not part of any atom. This single neutron is the first part of a chain reaction which is one of the most destructive forces known to man. That neutron hits one of the many plutonium or uranium atoms. Once this happens, the uranium or plutonium atoms gives off two or three new neutrons that hit other atoms and those atoms give off two or three neutrons and this process repeats billions of times. Think of it as when you start playing pool, one person hits the cue ball and it hits a clump of the other pool balls. No imagine that there are millions of balls and every time that one ball hits another, they split into three or four new balls, and they keep going until every ball has been hit. Every time that this chemical reaction of neutrons hitting atoms takes place, radiation and  heat energy is given off, this heat is what the explosion is caused by.        Lastly, as all of the heat energy is being given off of each atom, it builds up and intensifies until it reaches temperatures on the tens of thousands of degrees Fahrenheit. That is even hotter than the sun. This intense heat spreads for miles and can turn buildings into dust in a matter of seconds. All of this heat compiles into a ball of hot air and starts to rise. As cooler air rushes under, it traps a section of the hot air that rises again. This forms a narrow column under the larger section of air, creating a mushroom look. After the explosion, the radiation is like a second attack. Radiation sickness symptoms include nausea, vomiting, headache, fever, hair loss, low blood pressure and more, even death.           In the end, nuclear weapons leave great destruction in their paths that seems rather inhumane. These weapons of mass destruction use modern science to create humongous amounts of energy. The bomb dropped on Nagasaki was equivalent to 21,000 tons of TNT, and killed 80,000 even though it missed its target by over a mile. In all of this, the core of plutonium that powered the bomb was the size of a tennis ball. People everywhere should know how nuclear bombs work because it is an interesting topic and the threat of nuclear war with North Korea has been increasing. Everyone should be prepared for a nuclear attack, and more importantly, we should work for peace between all countries.Works Cited:William Harris, Craig Freudenrich, Ph.D. & John Fuller. “How Nuclear Bombs Work.” HowStuffWorks.com. 5 October, 2000. HowStuffWorks, InfoSpace Holdings LLC. 8 Jan. 2018 .Curtis LeMay & Paul Tibbets. “Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki-1945.” Atomic Heritage Foundation. 5 June, 2014. Atomic Heritage Foundation. 11 Jan. 2018 Unknown. “Little Boy and Fat Man.” Atomic Heritage Foundation. 23 July, 2014. Atomic Heritage Foundation. 11 Jan. 2018 Unknown. “Radiation sickness.” Mayo Clinic. 29 Sept. 2015. Mayo Foundation. 11 Jan. 2018 Zoellner, Tom. Uranium. London: Penguin Group, 2009.