Let’s movements in Egypt – what are the common

Let’s
begin with my motivation to choose the topic of Recognition and Redistribution.
 LGBTQ community protests for rights,
Catalunya wanting independence from Spain, woman activists’ movements in Egypt
– what are the common underlying demands of these movements happening across
the globe? They all want to be ‘recognized’
for their individuality, they demand equality despite their differences. If
it was social or class struggles that were prevalent in the Fordist era, then
today, these struggles are under the banners of gender, ethnicity, sexuality,
nationality and races. They will continue to occupy the centre-stage in the
future as well with these struggles of ‘differences’ being politicized. Thus, a
topic which has led to the evolution of history (Class struggles – Marx’s
perspective) and continues to shape the future with these present banners of
differences needs to be discussed at length.

The
idea of recognition is an important idea in today’s world but how does it relate
to economic redistribution? This question has remained unclear. In the book ‘Redistribution
or Recognition : A Political -philosophical exchange’, chapters are produced as
debates between the two philosophers Axel Honneth and Nancy Fraser. Honneth
treats redistribution as a derivative of the struggle for recognition whereas
Nancy does not believe that one can be derived from the other. She presents a ‘perspectival
dualist analysis’ where recognition and redistribution are fundamentally
related but mutually irreducible to each other and encompass a different
conception of justice. Thus, how will equality roll out despite the differences
among individuals? How do we relate the struggle for economic redistribution to
the struggle for identity recognition?

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Nancy
Fraser :

            There are two types of justice in the social context that
we can talk of. One is the traditional one – the struggle for redistribution
from the feudal lords to the workers, from the owners to the proletariat class
and now from the rich to the poor. Today, in this society, we have increasing
instances of the demand for a different form of social justice – demanding dignity
or respect on par with the majority. Instances being the feminist movements,
LGBTQ movements across the globe. These claims for recognition are beginning to
dominate the first form of social justice – redistribution. This ideology of
redistribution is starting to take a backseat with the slow death of communism
and the progressive development of free-markets. These two forms are considered
separate from each other.