Marxism had an influence not he development of today’s

Marxism was invented in the late 19th century by Frederick Engels and Karl Marx, and has also had an influence not he development of today’s society. Even though it eventually failed, numerous revolutions that the working classes raised against the upper classes in several different countries were led by Marxism. It paved the way for the creation of the Warsaw Treaties, the Soviet Union, and the erection of the Berlin wall. China, one of the largest countries with the highest population in the world, still believes in the theory of Marxism. Based off of this, it is reasonable to assume that Marxism has a deep impact on people’s thoughts, and it is natural for people who were living with the rise of Marxism, for example, Franz Kafka, to have been deeply affected by this theory. Franz Kafka’s relationship with Marxism was divulged in his fictional story, The Metamorphosis. It is about a travelling German salesman named Gregor Samsa, who woke up one morning and found himself transformed into an insect. As a result, he was unable to have his job and can no longer financially support his family as he used to. Thereafter, his family individually began to resent and reject Gregor. It wasn’t until his father was eager to get rid of his now-insect-son after the disaster that his sister and mother retracted their care and love for him. With the story ending with Gregor’s demise, Kafka’s novella portrays the experience of a single laborer’s battle to have a fair fight. Looking at the process of metamorphosis from a Marxist perspective, it represents the class struggle of the proletariat to “break out” of a destiny of being taken advantage of. This symbolism is portrayed in the similarity between the natures, causes, and the conclusion of Gregor’s transformation and those relating to the proletarian struggles. Since it is impossible for humans to transform into insects, Gregor’s metamorphosis has some underlying meaning beyond simply a physical transformation. The process of the metamorphosis portrays the struggle of proletarians against the reigning bourgeois class looking at it through a Marxist lens. To start off, Gregor is in the right social position for a proletarian struggle to exist. Him and his family are proletarians while his boss is bourgeois. In Karl Marx’s, “The Manifesto of the Communist Party,” he defines the proletariat as all people who do not possess assets and only live off of salaries (Marx 128). Accordingly, Gregor belongs to the proletariat because he has no personal business and lives off of the salaries he makes as a traveling salesman and working for others (Kafka 4). In contradiction, Gregor’s boss owns the capital and as a result, is seated in the social upper class, or the bourgeois. Now the Gregor is established as a proletarian, his situation advocates the occurrence of Marxist class struggles. The theory of Marxism states that the perpetual existence of these conflicts as long as there exists opposing classes generated by unjust social positions and uneven capital distributions (Marx 120). In a way, the reason for Gregor’s metamorphosis compares to that of a proletarian struggle. As it was expressed in the story, Gregor was even oppressed before his transformation by being forced to lead a life he did not desire. His routine of endless travelling life tortures him, physically and psychologically (Kafka 4). Gregor is not satisfied by his social status and the way he lives, and that is the trigger to his metamorphosis. Gregor’s dissatisfaction in life is also triggered by the uneven wealth distribution that is portrayed in the Marxist ideology.