Ralph, Prior to a hunt, he “rubbed [a] charcoal

Ralph, the protagonist and initial leader of the boys in William Golding’s Lord of the Flies, attempted to retain civilization and order using logic and reason. Shortly after the boys elected Ralph as leader, he thought about what needed to be done first. After some deliberation, he announced, “If this isn’t an island we might be rescued straight away. So we’ve got to decide if this is an island” (Golding 23). Ralph showed his ability to reason by proposing an exploration, as they could decide what to do next depending on their situation. His role from the start was to show the other boys the reasonable and rational way to resolve conflicts they encounter. Additionally, he worked diligently to build huts and get them rescued using the signal fire while the other boys enjoyed themselves. In attempt to recreate their previous society, he proclaimed, “we must have more rules” during a meeting (Golding 42). By thoroughly contemplating about what to do and how to maintain order, he gained respect and trust from most of the other boys as the leader. Ralph symbolizes the rules and morals from previous society, as the island is a microcosm of the war and society around them. In William Golding’s Lord of the Flies, Jack, the antagonist and usurper of Ralph’s power, showed his malevolent personality through the hunts and his actions. After failing to kill a pig in the first chapter, Jack became focused on killing pigs and hunting, which prevented them from being received shortly after landing on the island. Prior to a hunt, he “rubbed a charcoal stick between the patches of red and white on his face” to conceal himself, and then he “began to dance and his laughter because a bloodthirsty snarling” (Golding 63-64). When Jack put on the mask, he became a primitive leader. He was so consumed by the excitement of killing and power that he lost focus of being rescued, and the effect of his actions. This lead to Jack lighting a forest fire—setting the island ablaze—in attempt to kill Ralph. He overlooked the fact that he was killing himself because the fire would destroy everything on the island. Jack’s role was to lead most of the boys to act in fierce ways, creating conflict between Ralph and himself. Overall, Jack portrays Golding’s view on society that evil is ingrained in mankind.