The in any case that they thought was more

The regulations and
changes in legislature in the twentieth century, encouraged positive change in
the nation. By reading the works of Friedman and Boyle, something is clear: to
study law and legal structures well, one must look at the conflicts and social
cases that impacted the country and led to changes in the United states. As we
have learned, there are different groups of people that helped shape law today.
Groups vary from average citizens, to groups with more political power.

The Supreme Court cases of
the twentieth century, directly resulted from the social and political
conditions of the time. Judges like Earl Warren for example, made liberal
decisions in what became known as the Warren Court. Inside the legal system, he
was one of the most powerful figures in ending segregation in public schools. The
Brown v. Board of Education case from
1954 is an example of a landmark case. The case declared that segregation of
black students through the establishment of different schools (which would be
of lesser quality compared to white schools), was unconstitutional. In 1896
there had been a similar case, Plessy v. Ferguson.
However, like many other nineteenth century cases, the Court supported
segregation. It was a different time. The Supreme Court did not allow for much
room of interpretation of the constitution and did not want to get involved in
any case that they thought was more of a political doctrine question than a
constitutional one. Thankfully, judge Warren was not as conservative as the
other judges. After all, the other justices had been seated in the Supreme
Court for a long time and had an old way of thinking. Warren was able to bring
to light and recognize the inequality of school facilities and that it was a
violation of the Fourteenth Amendment. This resulted in a unanimous decision, the
Supreme Court recognized it as a Constitutional case, and school segregation
ceased. In addition to this case, there were other Warren Court cases that
helped pave the way for further integration of other races and help the Civil
Rights Movement advance. The Brown case also served as precedent for future
litigation cases.

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Another
important case came a couple of years later. The Baker v. Carr case of 1962, helped the Civil Rights movement even
further. Baker brought to the Supreme Court the question of equal voting representation
– one man, one vote. In Tennessee the census which determines population had
not been used since the end of the nineteenth century. The congressional
district lines were outdated and Tennessee had not done anything about it.
Baker noticed that this was unfair as the number of Congressmen to represent
the people did not match up with the number of population. In the Civil Rights era,
rural areas had already been over represented. It was a violation of the
Fourteenth Amendment because not having equal representation violated the equal
protection clause of the constitution. Similar to how Brown v. Educational Board had a similar case before it that ended
in negative results, Baker v. Carr followed a 1946 case were something similar
had occurred. The Supreme Court had seen Colgrove
v. Green as a case of political questions and not constitutional question; however,
they both were indeed judiciable questions. The system of the constitution was
being wrongfully applied. Everyone had the right for their votes to be weighed
the same. The Baker case helped the Civil Rights Movement as minorities now
were able to be better represented in urban areas. This case had an impact in
future cases like Reynolds v. Sims as
the state the applied the legislature that was set in Baker v. Carr.

Specific
cases and legislatures help us understand how the nation progressed in the 20th
century and how we reached the state where we are today. So many conflicts
documented through legislation and Supreme Court cases help us understand
history and therefore apply the knowledge we have gained through conflicts to
result current day debacles.