The frequency of access and the use of computers among the young
people develop their foundation of academic skills in technology. Similarly,
this also fosters the development of
other skills such as reading, playing music and overall activity of patterns
that promote lifestyle behavior (Harris et
al., 2017). Such development is
based on the government policies, which supports universal to digital
The development of the wireless technology
revolutionized digital networks. Consumers from both ethnic and socio-economic
divide can now enjoy the benefits provided by the internet packages on wireless
gadgets such as smartphones and tablets. However, different patterns by which
consumer use digital network determine
their level of satisfaction. Essentially, the ethnic minorities use the digital
platform to broaden their information on healthcare, education, and access to news (Bartikowski, Laroche, Jamal
& Yang, 2018). The Internet is
also used for entertainment and to access government services online. These
platforms enable the ethnic minorities to
engage in economic activities selling online, jobs and this optimizes their
means of livelihood. Digital access through the use of mobile phones has tremendously bridged the digital gap. The
phones are relatively affordable and cheaper to maintain providing a bundle of evidence on improved access to
internet among the ethnic minorities.
One challenge to bridging
the digital gap is the aspect of the social and economic stratification
commonplace in the society. This is consistent with the social reproduction
theory that highlights the social disposition the haves and the have-nots. The poor will most likely access
educational environment that provides
access to computer and internet (Kvasny & Keil, 2006). Besides,
they may not have the disposable income
to procure ICT and other gadgets of the digital
Human resistance is also
a crucial hindrance. Self-exclusion of students from embracing ICT has been
noted among male students, especially
from urban settings. They choose to
indulge in practices such as fighting, smoking, alcohol, and theft, which they consider masculine.
Resistance can also be identified among students from poor settings who choose
to devote extra time in making means of livelihood rather than engaging in
developing digital skills.
Even though digital
divide replicates patterns of economic
and social stratification, closing the gap is crucial. This is due to its
benefits in promoting economic development through education, employment and
fostering avenues for upward mobility. The basis behind redressing the digital
inequalities start with a foundational
framework. Providing access to the digital
network through the establishment of ICT infrastructure is the function of the
government that have priority in technological development (Kvasny, & Keil, 2006).
Public schools and libraries require computer resources to enable access to this digital equipment to all students.
Essentially, emphasis on computer training courses especially through inclusion
in the school curriculum provides foundation knowledge on the digital network.
Government policies also need to focus on
providing reliable internet access to allow implementation of the digital framework.